Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

BUSN/ECON 380: Research Methods in Business/Economics

What is Grey Literature?

What is Grey Literature?

Documents that may be produced by academics, governments, business, industry, and independent researchers, but is not controlled by commercial publishers.
Non-conventional, fugitive, and sometimes ephemeral publications.  Often produced with NGOs, non profits, UN agencies, think tanks, etc.

Examples include:

  • pre-print reports, preliminary progress and advanced reports
  • conference proceedings and papers
  • market research reports
  • annual reports of business and industry
  • technical and statistical reports, specifications, standards
  • white papers
  • technical and commercial documentation
  • official documents not published commercially (government reports & documents)


Finding Grey Literature Evaluating Grey Literature
Use Google  keyword(s) + Read their mission
Bibliographies Examine funding Sources
Organizations suggested below Explore author credentials and date published