One of the more important limitations to the rights of copyright owners is the doctrine of “fair use,” codified in Section 107 of the copyright law. Under the doctrine of fair use, you may use copyrighted works under certain circumstances without the use being considered an infringement on the rights of copyright owners.
Uses that may be considered fair include:
However, these uses in and of themselves don't automatically qualify as fair. Use the Fair Use Factors below to determine whether a copyrighted work may be used without permission. For items that do not conform to Fair Use guidelines, you must obtain copyright permission from the copyright holder.
Section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law provides four factors to consider when considering whether the use of copyrighted works is fair use.
In addition, the Association of Research Libraries, in partnership with the Center for Social Media and the Washington College of Law at American University, developed the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries in 2012 to aid the research and academic library community in determining fair use. Additional codes of best practices in fair use can be found on the website of the Center for Media and Social Impact.